Laboratory's Test & Services

Hematology is the study of the blood system. There are three kinds of cell in the blood stream: red cells, white cells, and platelets.

Red blood cells (RBC) contain the hemoglobin molecules that give blood its red color. They are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to all the parts of the body. White blood cells (WBC) are much less numerous than red cells. They are vital in helping the body fight infection. There are several different kinds of WBC. Platelets, tiny fragments of cells, help stop bleeding by forming “plugs” in the blood vessels.

  • Haematology Test

    Hematology is the study of the blood system. There are three kinds of cell in the blood stream: red cells, white cells, and platelets.

  • Serology Test

    Serology methods test for antibodies against microorganisms or viruses. Antibody testing when positive indicates that the animal has been exposed but may not be indicative of current infection. PCR testing tests for the presence of the organisms and therefore is applicable to all animal species. PCR procedures amplify DNA and is used to diagnose current infections.

  • Routine Test

    A chemical panel called the “basic metabolic panel” that includes testing for sodium, potassium, chloride, carbon dioxide, blood urea nitrogen, calcium, creatinine, and glucose is the most frequently ordered panel. It does not test for a specific disease; rather, this is a screening panel that detects chemical imbalances seen in many disease states. If results of this panel are abnormal, additional testing is done to help in diagnosing a specific disease. Because of the huge number of basic metabolic panels and other routine assays such as cholesterol or liver enzyme assays performed, the clinical laboratory scientists rely on state-of-the-art instrumentation for performing these assays.

  • Profile Test

    Chemical chemistry (also known as clinical biochemistry or chemical pathology) is the study of chemical and biochemical mechanisms of the body in relation to disease, mostly through the analysis of body fluids such as blood or urine. In many diseases there are significant changes in the chemical composition of body fluids such as the raised blood enzymes due to their release from heart muscles after a heart attack; or a raised blood sugar in diabetes mellitus due to lack of insulin. Tests are designed to detect these changes qualitatively or quantitatively compared to results from healthy people. Clinical chemists use a wide range of analytical techniques for example, molecular diagnostics, measurement of enzyme activities, spectrophotometry, electrophoresis, the separation of molecules based on physical characteristics and immunoassays The work involves manual techniques for which the biomedical scientist develops complex practical and interpretive skills, through to operation and management of highly automated testing systems capable of producing thousands of results an hour. All assays that are closely monitored and quality controlled. Tests that require examination and measurement of the cells of blood, as well as blood clotting studies, are not included as these are usually grouped under haematology.

A clinical chemistry department within a hospital provides a link between front line clinical staff and the basic sciences employing analytical and interpretative skills to aid the clinician in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease. Diseases such as heart attacks, kidney failure, viral and bacterial infection, infertility, diabetics, high cholesterol, thyroid problems or measuring drug levels to make sure people are on the best dose are some of the many areas where the Clinical Chemistry Laboratory becomes involved in a persons